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A Profile of Older Americans: 2006

Geographic Distribution

The proportion of older persons in the population varies considerably by state with some states experiencing much greater growth in their older populations (Figures 4 and 5). In 2005, about half (51.6%) of persons 65+ lived in nine states. California had 3.9 million; Florida 3.0 million; New York 2.5 million; Texas 2.3 million; and Pennsylvania 1.9 million, Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, and New Jersey each had well over 1 million (Figure 6).

Only 7.0% of minority race and Hispanic populations were 65+ in 2005 (8.4% of African-Americans,** 8.8% of Asians and Pacific Islanders,** 7.5% of American Indians and Native Alaskans,** 5.4% of Hispanics), compared with 15.1% of non-Hispanic whites.**

Most persons 65+ lived in metropolitan areas in 2005 (79.8%). About 50% of older persons lived in the suburbs, 29% lived in central cities, and 20% lived in nonmetropolitan areas.

The elderly are less likely to change residence than other age groups. From 2004 to 2005 only 4.2% of older persons moved as opposed to 13.4% of the under 65 population. Most older movers (51.6%) stayed in the same county and 72.1% remained in the same state. Only 25.5% (of the movers) moved out-of-state.

(Data for this section and for Figure 4 were compiled primarily from the Census Population Estimates for 2005 as well as other Internet releases of the U.S. Bureau of the Census including tables from the March 2005 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement)


Figure 4: Persons 65+ as a Percentage of Total Population - 2005


Figure 5: Percentage Increase in Population 65+ -- 1995 to 2005


font-family: Arial; color: white">Figure 6: The 65+ Population by State:2005

Numbers

Number of Persons

Percent of All Ages

Percent Increase from 1995 to 2005

Percent Below Poverty 2005

US Total (50 States + DC)

36,790,113

12.4%

9.4%

10.1%

Alabama

603,733

13.2%

8.4%

13.1%

Alaska

44,026

6.6%

47.5%

9.1%

Arizona

758,181

12.8%

31.4%

8.1%

Arkansas

384,450

13.8%

6.2%

14.5%

California

3,868,574

10.7%

11.9%

8.2%

Colorado

465,096

10.0%

23.3%

8.6%

Connecticut

474,150

13.5%

1.5%

7.5%

Delaware

112,214

13.3%

22.9%

7.5%

District of Columbia

67,208

12.2%

-11.6%

17.6%

Florida

2,993,160

16.8%

13.9%

10.3%

Georgia

870,422

9.6%

20.8%

13.0%

Hawaii

174,538

13.7%

16.8%

9.3%

Idaho

163,917

11.5%

22.8%

8.7%

Illinois

1,530,074

12.0%

2.2%

8.7%

Indiana

777,506

12.4%

5.7%

8.0%

Iowa

435,220

14.7%

0.2%

8.0%

Kansas

357,005

13.0%

0.5%

7.9%

Kentucky

525,764

12.6%

7.7%

13.5%

Louisiana

531,581

11.8%

7.4%

15.6%

Maine

192,664

14.6%

11.5%

11.0%

Maryland

644,560

11.5%

13.0%

7.9%

Massachusetts

852,826

13.3%

-0.6%

10.0%

Michigan

1,258,494

12.4%

4.6%

8.6%

Minnesota

623,241

12.1%

8.3%

8.4%

Mississippi

358,393

12.3%

7.6%

15.7%

Missouri

773,171

13.3%

4.0%

9.1%

Montana

128,834

13.8%

12.3%

9.1%

Nebraska

233,550

13.3%

1.9%

8.7%

Nevada

273,136

11.3%

56.6%

8.3%

New Hampshire

163,105

12.5%

18.4%

6.9%

New Jersey

1,129,356

13.0%

3.4%

8.7%

New Mexico

234,902

12.2%

26.5%

12.5%

New York

2,515,064

13.1%

4.0%

12.8%

North Carolina

1,054,098

12.1%

16.4%

12.1%

North Dakota

93,650

14.7%

0.0%

14.1%

Ohio

1,529,430

13.3%

2.2%

8.4%

Oklahoma

468,968

13.2%

5.6%

11.2%

Oregon

469,906

12.9%

10.2%

7.9%

Pennsylvania

1,892,847

15.2%

-1.0%

9.0%

Rhode Island

149,775

13.9%

-3.7%

7.8%

South Carolina

534,980

12.6%

20.6%

11.5%

South Dakota

110,530

14.2%

4.7%

12.5%

Tennessee

749,951

12.6%

13.3%

13.1%

Texas

2,271,845

9.9%

19.3%

12.7%

Utah

216,021

8.7%

24.1%

6.5%

Vermont

81,982

13.2%

15.9%

10.0%

Virginia

865,103

11.4%

17.4%

9.8%

Washington

720,874

11.5%

14.1%

8.7%

West Virginia

278,368

15.3%

0.2%

11.6%

Wisconsin

721,633

13.0%

5.3%

7.7%

Wyoming

62,037

12.2%

16.8%

8.0%

Puerto Rico

489,819

12.5%

 

44.3%

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AoA - Statistics - A Profile of Older Americans 2006 - Income